Among the many islands in Greece, Mykonos would probably be one of those with a very interesting history as along it is a myth.
Named after Anios, the son of King Delos, descendant of god Apollo and nymph, Rio, myth has it that Mykonos was formed after Hercules defeated the Giants – which was one of his twelve tasks. The hero then threw the creatures in the sea which later formed as an island.
The first inhabitants of the island were the Carians. After them, the Egyptians and the Minoan Cretans followed. The coins in the island depict Dionyssos as their patron god.
Mykonos, during Antiquity, was part of Athenian Alliance along with the other islands in the Aegean Sea. During the Hellenestic Era, Mykonos took a neutral stand. It had its own set of currencies and lived prosperous. When the Romans conquered the island in 146 B.C., Mykonos experienced another period of prosperity. However, this was stopped when Mithridatis conquered it and Delos.
In 1207, Mykonos was conquered by the Venetians. It was governed by the Gyzi brothers until 1390. In 1537, Barbarossa, a pirate, occupied and looted the island. On that same year, the Turks conquered it. During the latter’s occupation, Mykonos became a “great navy force”.
Between 1821 and 1828, Mykonos took part in the War of Independence. In that period, the island had a good number of ships maneuvered by experienced seamen. Despite this though, many of their brave soldiers died in battle.
World War 2
Mykonos’ tourism industry started to emerge between the First and Second World War. During World War II, the people in Mykonos played a role in the Greek Resistance against the conquests of the Germans.